Upper Mustang Trek

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At a Glance
  • Duration17 Days
  • DestinationNepal
  • Difficulty Level Strenuous
  • Maximum Altitude5,215 m /17,105 ft
  • ActivityOff The Beaten Restricted Area Trekking
  • Group Size2-20
  • StartsKathmandu
  • EndsKathmandu
  • Best SeasonMarch, April, May And September, October, November
Upper Mustang Trek Highlights
  • Forbidden Kingdom Exploration: Upper Mustang was a restricted area until 1992 and is often referred to as the "Forbidden Kingdom." This trek offers a chance to explore its unique culture and landscapes.
  • Ancient Tibetan Culture: The region has a strong Tibetan influence, and you'll encounter ancient monasteries, prayer wheels, and traditional Tibetan architecture.
  • Lo Manthang: The walled city of Lo Manthang is the trek's focal point. Its narrow alleyways, ancient palaces, and monasteries are a window to the past.
  • Stunning Desert Landscapes: The Upper Mustang Trek features a unique and surreal desert-like terrain with red cliffs, rocky canyons, and eroded rock formations, making it distinct from other treks in Nepal.
  • Kali Gandaki River Gorge: You'll pass through the deepest river gorge in the world, the Kali Gandaki River Gorge, offering breathtaking views and dramatic landscapes.
  • Ancient Cave Dwellings: Explore ancient cave dwellings, some dating back thousands of years, which were used for both residential and religious purposes.
  • Himalayan Views: The Mustang Trek offers stunning views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges, including Nilgiri and Tilicho Peak.
  • Local Festivals and Traditions: If your trek coincides with local festivals, you can witness and participate in the vibrant culture and traditions of the region.
  • Chortens and Mani Walls: The trail is decorated with beautifully crafted chortens (Buddhist stupas) and intricate Mani walls, creating a spiritual ambiance throughout the journey.
  • Restricted Region Adventure: Embark on a trek into the restricted regions of Nepal, covering parts of the renowned Annapurna Circuit and discovering hidden gems off the beaten path.

 


Off The Beaten Restricted Area Forbidden Kingdom Of Nepal Upper Mustang Trek in 2024/2025

Prepare for an incredible journey into the heart of Nepal, where time feels suspended, and culture flourishes in its most authentic form. The Upper Mustang Trek is an expedition into a region once called the "Forbidden Kingdom," tucked away in the rain shadow of the Himalayas.

Your adventure kicks off in the town of Jomsom, perched at 2,720 meters above sea level, unveiling the arid and rugged terrain. As you delve deeper into Upper Mustang, you'll be captivated by its desert-like landscape, a stark contrast to the lush landscapes in other parts of Nepal.

This 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek isn't just about natural beauty; it's an immersion in Tibetan culture. The trail is adorned with Buddhist stupas (chortens) and stone walls with inscriptions (Mani walls), creating a serene spiritual atmosphere. You'll explore ancient Buddhist monasteries, discover mysterious caves, and witness the vibrant local traditions.

The Major highlight of the Upper Mustang Trek is Lo-Manthang, a walled city that's a living testament to the region's rich history. Here, you'll step back in time, wandering through narrow alleyways, ancient palaces, and monasteries while connecting with friendly locals who eagerly share their stories.

One of the most remarkable aspects of the Upper Mustang Trek is its remoteness. It remains less frequented by tourists, offering a rare chance to experience peace and tranquility in a world that's usually bustling. As you traverse this remote and less-traveled terrain, you'll be rewarded with breathtaking views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges, including iconic peaks like Nilgiri and Thorung Peak.

In Upper Mustang, you're not just a trekker; you're an explorer, a time traveler, and a cultural enthusiast. This Mustang Trek reveals the best-kept secrets of Nepal, inviting you to unravel the mysteries of a bygone era while basking in the breathtaking beauty of the rugged Himalayan landscape. It's an adventure like no other, where every step brings you closer to the hidden treasures of Upper Mustang.

Major Highlights During 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek in 2024/2025:

 Lo Manthang: Forbidden Kingdom
Lo Manthang is the jewel of Upper Mustang and is often referred to as the "Forbidden Kingdom" because it was restricted to outsiders until 1992. This ancient walled city is a treasure trove of Tibetan culture and history. Its well-preserved monasteries, royal palace, and traditional mud-brick houses offer a glimpse into a bygone era. The city is surrounded by a vast, arid landscape, adding to its mystique. Exploring Lo Manthang allows you to immerse yourself in the rich heritage and daily life of the local Lo-pa people, who have a unique blend of Tibetan Buddhism and Bon religion.

Jomsom and Thrilling Jomsom Flight from Pokhara
Jomsom is the gateway to the Upper Mustang Region, and it's renowned for its breathtaking landscapes and vibrant local culture. The Jomsom flight from Pokhara is an exhilarating experience, taking you through the Kali Gandaki Gorge with its dramatic scenery. The flight offers incredible views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges. Jomsom, the district headquarters of Mustang, is a vibrant town with lodges, tea houses, and friendly locals. It's the starting point for your trek into the Upper Mustang Region.

Tiji Festival
The Tiji Festival is a significant annual event in Lo Manthang that showcases the region's rich religious and cultural traditions. It's a three-day celebration that involves masked dances, rituals, and storytelling, all aimed at warding off evil spirits and ensuring the well-being of the community. The festival provides an opportunity to witness the vibrant costumes, intricate dances, and the profound faith of the local people. It's a unique and visually stunning cultural experience that offers deep insights into the spiritual world of Upper Mustang.

 Ancient Caves and Monasteries
Upper Mustang is home to numerous ancient caves and monasteries that reflect the region's spiritual and historical significance. The Chungsi Cave, Red Cliff, Ghar Gumba, Chhoser Cave, Tsarang, and Luri Gumba are among the must-visit sites. These caves often house ancient Buddhist artifacts, paintings, and statues, some of which date back centuries. Exploring these sites offers a profound sense of the region's deep-rooted religious history.

Kali Gandaki River and Gorge
The Kali Gandaki River and Gorge are natural wonders that add to the allure of the Upper Mustang trek. The Kali Gandaki River, one of the world's deepest river canyons, carves its way through the arid landscapes of Upper Mustang. The trek along its banks offers stunning views of the surrounding terrain, with colorful rock formations and Tibetan-style villages perched on the cliffs. The contrast between the deep, rocky gorge and the traditional mud-brick houses is a sight to behold.

Pokhara City
Pokhara, often the starting point for trekkers heading to Upper Mustang, is a serene city known for its beautiful lakes and mountain views. It's the perfect place to relax before or after your trek. You can explore the peaceful Phewa Lake, visit the Gupteshwor Cave, and enjoy the stunning panorama of the Annapurna and Machapuchare mountains. The city is also a hub for adventure activities such as paragliding, zip-lining, and boating.

Local Culture, Tradition, and Lifestyles of Sherpas
The Upper Mustang Region is inhabited by the Loba, or Lo-pa people, who share a close cultural and religious connection with Tibet. The local culture is steeped in Tibetan Buddhism, and you'll encounter vibrant monasteries, prayer flags, and prayer wheels along the trekking route. The Sherpas in this region maintain their traditional way of life, with a strong emphasis on communal harmony and spiritual practices. You'll have the opportunity to learn about their customs, rituals, and the unique blend of Buddhism and the ancient Bon religion.

Kagbeni
Kagbeni is a picturesque village and a checkpoint for trekkers entering the Upper Mustang Region. It's known for its stunning views of the Nilgiri and Dhaulagiri peaks. The village boasts ancient architecture and narrow alleyways, which make it a charming place to explore. Kagbeni also has a centuries-old monastery, the Kag Chode Thupten Samphel Ling, which holds religious and historical significance.

Muktinath
Muktinath is a sacred pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Buddhists. It's located in the Lower Mustang region but is often included in the Upper Mustang Trek itinerary. The temple of Muktinath is famous for its eternal flame and 108 water spouts, which pilgrims believe have the power to cleanse their sins. The scenic journey to Muktinath offers diverse landscapes and cultural encounters.

 Flora and Fauna
Despite the arid terrain, Upper Mustang has a unique ecosystem with hardy plants and wildlife. You'll encounter rare species such as the blue sheep (Jharal), snow leopards, and Tibetan gazelles. The region's vegetation includes alpine shrubs, juniper trees, and medicinal herbs. The stark beauty of this rugged landscape, with its contrast of colorful prayer flags and stark terrain, is a sight to behold.

 About the Restricted Region
Upper Mustang was a restricted area until 1992, and special permits are still required for trekking. This has helped preserve the region's culture and environment. The restricted status has allowed the inhabitants to maintain their traditional way of life and protect their unique heritage. Trekking in this region is a privilege, as it provides a rare opportunity to explore an untouched Tibetan cultural enclave in the heart of the Himalayas.

Exploring Upper Mustang is a journey through time and culture, with its ancient monasteries, mystical festivals, and breathtaking landscapes. It's a trek that combines adventure and cultural immersion, making it a truly memorable experience for those who venture into this remote corner of Nepal.

17 Days Upper Mustang Trek Itinerary Details From Kathmandu:

Your journey begins in Kathmandu, where you'll arrive at the Tribhuvan International Airport and have a pre-trip meeting to discuss your adventure. Explore the city's rich culture and architecture, including UNESCO Heritage Sites such as Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan Temple, and the Monkey Temple. Don't forget to apply for a special permit for the Mustang Region and do some last-minute shopping in Thamel.

The next day, you'll embark on a scenic drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara, a place known for its stunning mountain views, serene lakes, and lush greenery. It's a haven for adventure seekers and a popular tourist destination.

On the fourth day, a short flight takes you to Jomsom, the gateway to the Mustang Region. Your trek begins as you make your way to Kagbeni, a picturesque village on the banks of two rivers. Take time to explore Kagbeni or venture on a hike to enjoy panoramic views of the area.

As you continue your journey, you'll trek to Chele, passing through Tangbe village with its white-washed houses and apple orchards. The trail follows the Kaligandaki River to reach Chele. The following days take you through beautiful landscapes, crossing passes like Darjori La Pass and Taklam La Pass until you reach the walled village of Charang, known for its fortress and Gompa.

Your adventure continues as you make your way to Lo-Manthang, founded in 1380, and explore ancient temples and monasteries. You'll also have the opportunity to hike to Chhoser Cave, known as the Sky Caves, and explore the mysterious five-story-high caves.

Heading back to Jomsom, you'll retrace your steps and pass through picturesque villages and challenging terrains. As you reach Ghiling, the landscape becomes greener and more fertile. Your journey concludes in Jomsom, and after your flight back to Pokhara, you can indulge in relaxation, spa treatments, and celebration.

The next day, you'll drive back to Kathmandu along the bustling Arniko highway. After arriving in the capital, you can enjoy leisure time and reflect on your successful trek. On the final day, you'll be transferred to the airport for your departure from Nepal, concluding an unforgettable adventure in the Upper Mustang Region.

Itinerary

Upon landing at the Tribhuvan International Airport, clear all the necessary immigration formalities claim your baggage, and head outside the airport.

Our representative will be waiting outside the airport with a placard. You will be assisted by our team and transferred to the hotel. 

Kathmandu is the first stop for those traveling to Nepal by air. The city is the capital of the country and a political and cultural hub. Once a medieval town ruled by the Mallas and Lichivi, Kathmandu displays the fine architecture of the Newari ethnic group. The city host 7 UNESCO Heritage site. The buzzing traffic and folks of birds in the sky, the fluttering prayer flags, monasteries within the Hindu temple, and the busy yet charming people make Kathmandu a surreal place to be. 

Upon arrival at the hotel, meet your guide and discuss the details of your journey towards the Himalayas. 

Make sure that you have all the necessary gear available with you. If you have missed anything, worry note, there are several stores where you can buy according to your needs.

 

    After breakfast, explore Kathmandu City. 

    Walk past the buzzing town and narrow street of Ason Bazaar with a mix of modern and ancient houses with the aroma of spices. Then explore Kathmandu Durbar Square, the live museum. 

    The UNESCO World Heritage Site is located at the heart of Kathmandu surrounded by ancient palaces, temples, courtyards, and other architectural marvels, intricate wood carvings, and beautiful stone sculptures. Kathmandu Durbar Square is a hub for festivals, religious ceremonies, and cultural events offering the vibrant traditions and rituals of the Nepalese people.

    Visit Hanuman Dhoka Palace, Kumari Ghar - the House of the Living Goddess and catch a glimpse of the Kumari, a young girl revered as a living goddess, Taleju Temple, Jagannath Temple, and Kal Bhairav Temple, each showcasing unique architectural styles and religious significance.

    Then visit the monkey temple, Swayambunath. Swayambhunath, also known as the Monkey Temple, is a UNESCO Heritage Site. Perched on a hill, it features a majestic white dome-shaped stupa adorned with Buddha's eyes and is one of the oldest and most revered Buddhist temples in the country. 

    "Swayambhunath" translates to "self-existent" in Sanskrit.

    Biggest Hindu Temple Of Lord Shiva Pashupatinath Temple Very famous for Hindu Death Rituals.

    Also, you will apply for a special permit to travel to Narphu. Later, explore Thamel to do some last-minute shopping.

     

      After breakfast, leave Kathmandu city and drive to Pokhara. This 6/7 hours drive passes through scenic landscapes, winding mountain roads, and picturesque valleys, offering travelers breathtaking views of the Himalayas. 

      Nestled amidst the Annapurna mountain range, Pokhara offers breathtaking views of snow-capped peaks, including the signature Mt.Machhapuchere, serene lakes, and lush greenery. It is a place to be for every adventure seeker for paragliding, trekking, and boating, while its relaxed atmosphere and vibrant lakeside make it a popular tourist destination. 

      Upon arrival in Pokhara, check in to the hotel, where the remaining day is at leisure, or walk around the lakeside on your own.

       

        After an early morning breakfast, you will be transferred to Pokhara Airport, for your flight to Jomsom. 

        The 25 mins flight offers stunning views of the Himalayas taking you to the Gateway to the Mustang Region.

        From Jomsom begin your trek. Today you will be trekking to Kagbeni. The trail is easy and short. Crossing a small bridge, continue following the path with the Kaligandki River passing beside you. 

        You will have enough time to explore Kagbeni. The village is located on the bank of two rivers, and with its walled passages and clay effigies decorating the walls, the village is calmingly beautiful. 

        If interested, you can go on a hike to a nearby hill offering a panoramic view of the village and the river. 

         

          After breakfast, begin your hike following the east bank of the Kali Gandaki. As you walk through the valley gorge, the strong wind challenges you. So make sure you are well covered. After climbing through some ridge, you will reach Tangbe village, a mesmerizing village surrounded by buckwheat, barley fields, and Apple orchards with white-washed houses. 

          With the view of Mt Nilgiri, you reach Chhusang and continue following the Kaligandaki River leading to Chele.

           

            After breakfast, make your way through a rather challenging route ascending steep barren land alongside the copper-red canyon and passing Darjori La pass, 3,735m. Make your way downhill through some Chortens, and you will reach Samar. 

            Make your way uphill on a ridge and descend into a gorge before making your way uphill to cross another pass Taklam La Pass, 3,624m. One final climb on a ridge and descend to Syangbochen.

             

              Begin your day with a gentle uphill followed by a downhill leading to Gelling. Walk through some fields and climb on rough terrain to Nyi La pass (3840m). 

              From the pass, descend till you reach a  junction. Take your left route leading you to Ghami. Surrounded by fields, Ghami is a clustered village with white-washed mud and a stone house with overhanding cliffs on its background.

               

                After breakfast, begin your trek over rough and slippery terrain as you descend to cross a suspension bridge over the Ghami Khola. From here, you will be trekking in the driest part of the Mustang.

                Following the Mani Walls, walk past the Charang La Pass (3,870m), and you will eventually reach Charang. The village is nestled at the top of the Charang Chu Canyon. This scenic village consists of a fortress and Gompa. You can explore the area - the Gompa has an ancient collection of statues and thangkas.

                 

                  After breakfast, we descend into a canyon and hike uphill to cross Lo La pass, 3,950m, from where you will see the first glimpse of Lo Mangthan. Descend slowly through Lo-Gekar, one of the oldest Gompa in Nepal and is older than the Samye Gompa of Tibet.

                  Continue following the trail, and you will enter the kingdom of Lo. The village was founded in 1380 by Ame Pal and is also known as the walled village. Today it consists of around 150 households residences by Lama gurus. 

                  Later afternoon, explore the ancient temples, and monasteries and around the palace, where the King and Queen of Lo- Lo-Manthang reside.

                   

                    After breakfast, enjoy a hike to Chhoser Cave. Explore the Jhong Caves known as the Sky Caves. 

                    The five-story-high caves are built within the giant hills and are assumed to be burial chambers, hiding places, places of meditation, and later, monasteries. No one knows who built these caves and why. Walk into the caves consisting of tiny rooms and admire the landscape that's lunar-like. 

                    Later hike back to  Lo Manthang.

                     

                      From today, you will be making your way back to Jomsom. Leaving Lo-Manthang, take the upper-hand trail offering a mesmerizing view of  Lo-Manthang and the Charang Valley, with the Himalayas in the background. 

                      Continuing the trail, walk past the Dhi La pass, 4,100m,  and make your way to Dhamkar.

                       

                        Begin your trek early, as part of the trail is windy through some dry plateaus.  On the way, enjoy the view of Mt Dhaulagiri and Nilgiri. 

                        After walking through the dry region, you will be welcomed by some green agricultural fields in Ghiling. 

                          After breakfast, retrace your way to Chele. Walk past the same old route through Syangboche, Samar, and Ghyakar, leading you to  Chele. 

                            On the final day of the trek, walk past Chuksang and a bit of farewell to Upper Mustang. Following the Kaligandaki River, walk to Kagbeni and retrace your way back to Jomsom.

                            Once in Jomsom, spend your day at leisure, or explore the vibrant city.

                             

                             

                              Enjoy breakfast with the view. Walk to the airport for your flight back to Pokhara. 

                              Once you land in Pokhara, you will be transferred to the hotel. The remaining day is at leisure.
                              After such a long trek, a good body massage or spa is well deserved and since Pokhara is a city for tourists, you have quite an option.

                              Evening, relax by the lakeside restaurant with a chill beer or drink of your choice and celebrate your successful trek. 

                                Leisurely breakfast at the hotel. 

                                Today you will drive back to Kathmandu. Drive along the busy Arniko highway. Halfway through, you will retrace the same way where you first drove to Besisahar. 

                                Upon arrival in Kathmandu, check in to the hotel, and the remaining day is at leisure. On the last day of your trip to Nepal, you can stroll around and celebrate your successful trip.

                                 

                                  Breakfast at the hotel. Depending on your flight, you will be transferred to the airport for your final departure.

                                   

                                    NOTE: All information in this itinerary is accurate to the best of our knowledge, considering the current situation of the itinerary. But please note that the changes might occur at any time despite our best efforts to improve our program or due to logistical regions such as traffic jams, flight schedules, weather conditions, governmental policies, or any external reasons.  

                                    If you are not satisfied with the above itinerary please you can customize it yourself and follow the below Customize Link.


                                    B – Breakfast, L – Lunch, D – Dinner 

                                    What's Included
                                    • Airport / Hotel / Airport pick up & drop by private tourist vehicle.
                                    • 02 Nights Twin sharing 3-Star accommodation in Kathmandu And 3-Star accommodation in Pokhara twin Sharing.); Breakfast included.
                                    • All your standard Meals during the trek (Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner).
                                    • Standard Guest House accommodation while trekking time on a twin-sharing basis.
                                    • Both-way transportation for Kathmandu-Pokhara-Kathmandu by Tourist Bus.
                                    • Well-English speaking Government License Holder  Experienced Trek leader/Guide.
                                    • Porters to carry your bags(1 porter for 2 guests).
                                    • Food, Accommodation, salary, insurance, and equipment are for all staff.
                                    • Free Mount Glory  Duffel, and T-shirt.
                                    • Upper Mustang Special Permits and TIMS  for trekking.
                                    • All government, hotel, and other applicable taxes.
                                    • Farewell dinner in a typical Nepali Restaurant with a cultural dance show.
                                    • Trip Completion Certificate And Token Of Love.
                                    • Official expenses.
                                    What's not Included
                                    • International Airfare and taxes.
                                    • Travel insurance covers emergency Rescue and Evacuation.
                                    • Nepal entry visa(visa is obtained in Nepal Airport immigration on arrival.USD 25 per visa for 15 days, USD 40 per visa for 30 days, and USD 100 per visa for 90 days. All the visas are multiple entry *visas. please carry 02 passport-sized photographs for the visa.
                                    • Lunch and Dinner in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
                                    • All items of personal expenses.
                                    • Tipping for guides, porters, and drivers( Tipping is expected).
                                    • Any other expenses which are not mentioned in the 'Price Include' section.

                                    Note: Please bring 4 Passport size photos, a copy of your passport, and travel insurance at Our First Meeting In Our Office.

                                    Dates & Availability

                                    Select a Departure Month
                                    Starts: MondayFeb 26, 2024
                                    Ends: WednesdayMar 13, 2024
                                    PriceUS$1950
                                    StatusAvailable

                                    Useful Information

                                    Travel during the Grand Tiji Festival In the Upper Mustang Region:

                                    Traveling during the Tiji Festival provides a rare opportunity to witness ancient traditions of the rich Tibetan Buddhist Heritage in the Upper Mustang Region.

                                    Also known as the Tenchi Festival, the Tiji Festival is a grand and auspicious festival celebrated in the Upper Mustang. This annual sacred festival is a three-day-long celebration in the capital of the kingdom of Lo, Lo Manthang. The festival date varies somewhere between the late spring,  as it follows the Tibetan Lunar calendar. 

                                    The festival showcases the unique Tibetan Buddhist traditions that revolve around the re-enactment of an ancient mythological myth symbolizing the achievement of good over evil. The mythology recounts the story of Dorje Jono, a deity who battles against his demon father to protect the kingdom and its people from destruction.

                                    With elaborate rituals and colorful performances, the festival ends with masked dances on the third day of the festival, which is the main highlight. Known as Chaam, the monks from the Chhyode Gumba monastery perform sacred dances wearing intricately designed masks portraying various deities and demons accompanied by traditional music, chanting, and the rhythmic beating of drums and cymbals.

                                    The local community gathers in the central courtyard of the royal palace in their traditional attire, expresses their devotion, seeks blessings, and prays for peace and prosperity. The festival portrays the vibrant Tibetan Culture and brings the community together, fostering a sense of unity and pride in their heritage and creating a mystical atmosphere.


                                    Accommodation and Facilities During 17 Days of Upper Mustang Trekking In Nepal:

                                    With the roadway all the way to Lo, there are descent teahouses available throughout the trek. Jomsom and Lo Manthang even have decent hotels. 

                                    Most of the teahouses have the option of both attached and shared bathrooms with hot and cold showers, being hot showers subject to additional cost. Wi-Fi and electricity are available but might cost you extra. Though charging points are available at your rooms in the teahouse in Jomsom, Kagbeni, other remaining places have a common charging area in the main dining hall. While, Dining hall is usually where the wooden heaters are, and a great place to gather. 

                                    Since you are traveling to the rain shadow area, there is a scarcity of drinking water. Usually, hot water will cost you additional, and we highly recommend taking hot water having your own sterilization tablets/ life straw would be ideal.

                                    There are quite a few options for food, and just like other facilities, you will find a comprehensive menu in Jomsom, Kagbeni, and even in Lo. Don't be surprised if you get such options at other places, since the roadway has made it easy.  But Dal Bhat with seasonal vegetables, Chatni for lunch and dinner, Tibetan bread with Salt tea for breakfast, and a hot vegetable soup for snack time is the best for your diet while hiking at high altitude. 

                                    Overall, you will be served decent facilities with the warm hospitality of the locals during the trek to Upper Mustang. 


                                    Who can join this Upper Mustang Trek In 2024/2025:

                                    The Upper Mustang Trek is considered a moderately challenging trek. While it doesn't involve high-altitude technical climbing or extreme physical demands, it presents certain difficulties that trekkers should be prepared for.

                                    The primary challenges of the Upper Mustang Trek include the high altitude, with some sections reaching altitudes above 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). Altitude sickness is a potential concern, so acclimatization is crucial. Trekkers are advised to ascend gradually, take rest days, and stay hydrated to minimize the risk of altitude-related issues.

                                    Another challenge is the remote and rugged terrain, which includes steep ascents and descents, rocky paths, and occasional river crossings. The trail can be dusty and windy, particularly during the dry season. Trekkers should be prepared for long walking hours, typically ranging from 5 to 7 hours a day.

                                    Weather conditions can vary, with cold temperatures in the winter and potentially hot temperatures during the summer months. Trekkers must pack appropriately for these temperature fluctuations.

                                    Accommodations and facilities in Upper Mustang are basic, so trekkers should be prepared for rustic lodging and limited amenities along the route. It's important to have a certain level of physical fitness and endurance to fully enjoy and complete the trek.

                                    Despite these challenges, the unique cultural and natural beauty of the Upper Mustang region makes it a rewarding journey for those who are well-prepared and enthusiastic about exploring this remote and captivating part of Nepal.

                                    Guide & Potters for the Upper Mustang Trekking:

                                    It is compulsory to hire a guide during the Upper Mustang Trekking, and you will be trekking in a Restricted Region where solo travelers are not allowed. 

                                    Besides, it's always best to have one that will help you show you the proper route, educate you about the place, and make arrangements according to your needs and for your safety and security. The guide also acts as your mediator to remove the cultural and language barrier while traveling. 

                                    While hiring a potter will allow you to hike freely and comfortably. Not to forget that since you will be trekking in the dry & low vegetation region, travelers tend to catch out of breath pretty quickly. So having a pottery carry your loads will surely make your trip more leisurely. 


                                    Safety and Security During Upper Mustang Trek:

                                    Friendly and helpful community, a guide by your side - it's all safe to travel to Upper Mustang.  Also, since you are traveling to the Restricted Region, the region is guarded by friendly local officials.   

                                    The route is well connected by the roadways, so you can also opt for a vehicle, just in case you need to. Make sure you have your personal medication and travel insurance, and you are good to go on a mystical journey to Upper Mustang. 

                                    Best Time To Do Upper Mustang Trek:

                                    The Upper Mustang Trek welcomes adventurers throughout the year, with each season offering its unique appeal. Autumn (September to November) and spring (March to May) are the prime trekking periods, featuring pleasant weather with clear skies and comfortable temperatures. These seasons present the most popular and picturesque times to explore the region.

                                    Winter (December to February) is an excellent choice for those who relish tranquility and don't mind the cold. The trails are quieter, and though temperatures can drop significantly, the crisp air and clear skies provide a serene setting with exceptional visibility of the majestic mountains.

                                    Surprisingly, even summer (June to August), typically marked as the monsoon season in Nepal, can be a surprisingly positive choice for the Upper Mustang Trek. Unlike other areas experiencing heavy rainfall and landslides, Upper Mustang lies in the rain shadow, offering dry conditions that are ideal for trekking. The summer trek here can be a unique and less crowded experience for intrepid explorers who seek the extraordinary.


                                    Brief  Description

                                    The Upper Mustang Region offers a range of trekking experiences throughout the year, but the most suitable times to explore its wonders are during the spring and autumn seasons.

                                    Spring (March, April, and May): Spring is a superb time for the Upper Mustang Trek, especially for nature enthusiasts. During this season, the landscape comes alive with vibrant green vegetation, blooming rhododendrons, and fragrant junipers. The air is filled with the sweet scent of flowers and aromatic medicinal herbs. The weather is generally warm, with temperatures ranging from 15-23 degrees, making it comfortable for trekking. Longer daylight hours in spring allow for extended exploration, and you can delve deeper into the wilderness.

                                    Autumn (September, October, and November): Autumn is another fantastic season for the Upper Mustang Trek. The clear, azure skies offer breathtaking views of the mountains, hills, and picturesque landscapes. This season is also marked by Hindu festivals like Dashain and Tihar, adding cultural richness to your journey. The daytime temperatures are moderate, ranging between 10-15 degrees, creating perfect conditions for trekking during the day.

                                    Monsoon (June to August): While many regions experience heavy rainfall, landslides, and muddy trails during the monsoon season, Upper Mustang stands as an exception. This unique area, located in the rain shadow of the Himalayas, receives minimal precipitation throughout the year. The absence of heavy rainfall and its relatively dry conditions make Upper Mustang a suitable destination for trekking even during the monsoon season, providing a distinctive and less crowded experience.

                                    Winter (December to February): While the Upper Mustang region may not be as frequented during the winter months, it still offers a unique and serene trekking experience. With the right preparations, this season can be quite enjoyable for adventurers looking for quieter trails. The temperatures in winter can drop significantly, ranging from 0 to 10 degrees during the day, and even colder at night. However, the clear skies and crisp air provide excellent visibility for enjoying the mountain vistas. The absence of rainfall and the tranquil ambiance create a peaceful trekking environment. If you're prepared for the cold and excited to explore the region without the crowds, winter can be an ideal time for the Upper Mustang Trek.


                                    Why 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek Is the Perfect Choice For Trekkers?

                                    The 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek stands out as the perfect choice for trekkers for several compelling reasons:

                                    Cultural Richness: The Upper Mustang is a treasure trove of Tibetan culture and traditions. The region's isolation from the modern world has preserved its ancient way of life, making it a living museum of Tibetan Buddhist heritage. Trekkers can immerse themselves in the vibrant local culture, exploring monasteries, interacting with the friendly locals, and witnessing unique festivals.

                                    Spectacular Landscape: The trek takes you through a captivating desert landscape, which is a striking contrast to the lush greenery found in other parts of Nepal. The barren cliffs, unusual rock formations, and stunning canyons create a dramatic backdrop for your journey.

                                    Historical Wonders: Upper Mustang is often referred to as the "Forbidden Kingdom" and is rich in historical wonders. Exploring the walled city of Lo-Manthang, with its narrow alleys, ancient palaces, and monasteries, offers a glimpse into the region's remarkable history.

                                    Breathtaking Mountain Views: The trek offers panoramic views of majestic peaks, including the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges. The stunning vistas of mountains like Nilgiri, Thorung Peak, and others add to the trek's allure.

                                    Off-the-Beaten-Path: Upper Mustang remains less frequented by tourists, ensuring a sense of remoteness and tranquility. Trekkers can enjoy a peaceful and less crowded experience in this unique region, far from the bustling tourist trails.

                                    Unique Geographical Features: The region's unique geological formations, including chortens (Buddhist stupas) and intricate Mani walls, create a spiritual ambiance throughout the journey. The diverse landscapes, from rocky terrains to yak pastures and glacial gorges, offer a wide range of natural beauty to explore.

                                    Year-Round Trekking: The Upper Mustang Trek can be undertaken throughout the year, with each season offering its own charm. Whether you prefer the vibrant colors of spring, the clear skies of autumn, the tranquility of winter, or the unique experience of summer in the rain shadow, there's a perfect time for every trekker.

                                    Adventure with Comfort: While the trek may present challenges in terms of altitude and terrain, it is accessible to trekkers with a moderate level of physical fitness. Trekkers can choose the level of comfort they desire by opting for teahouse accommodations, making the adventure suitable for a wide range of individuals.


                                    How To Prepare 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek

                                    Preparing for the 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek involves careful planning and a few essential steps to ensure a safe and enjoyable journey:

                                    Acquire Necessary Permits: Obtain the required permits for the trek, which typically include the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and the Special Restricted Area Permit for the Upper Mustang. Ensure all documentation is in order before setting out.

                                    Physical Fitness: Prepare yourself physically with regular cardiovascular and strength training exercises. Stamina and endurance are key for the long hours of walking and the varying terrain.

                                    Mental Preparedness: Be mentally ready for the challenges that come with trekking in remote and high-altitude regions. A positive attitude and mental resilience will help you overcome difficulties.

                                    Clothing and Gear: Pack appropriate clothing for the season of your trek, including layers to accommodate temperature fluctuations. Ensure you have sturdy, comfortable hiking boots, a good quality backpack, and essential gear like trekking poles, a sleeping bag, and a down jacket.

                                    Altitude Acclimatization: The trek reaches high altitudes, so take it slow and allow time for proper acclimatization. Acclimatization days are built into the itinerary; use them wisely.

                                    Health Precautions: Consult a healthcare professional for vaccinations and health checks. Carry a basic medical kit and medications for common ailments like altitude sickness, gastrointestinal issues, and pain relief.

                                    Travel Insurance: Purchase comprehensive travel insurance that covers trekking in Nepal, including medical evacuation in case of emergencies.

                                    Budget and Costs: Set a budget for your trek, including permits, accommodations, food, and other expenses. It's advisable to carry some local currency (Nepalese Rupees) for convenience.

                                    Cultural Sensitivity: Learn about local customs and traditions, and show respect for the culture and environment. Dress modestly and seek permission before taking photos, especially on religious sites.

                                    Trekking Company or Guide: Consider hiring a reputable trekking agency or guide with experience in the region. You can contact Mount Glory Treks And Expedition Pvt.Ltd as we can provide valuable insights, arrange logistics, and enhance your overall experience. Our knowledgeable guides and expert support will ensure your Upper Mustang Trek is safe and unforgettable.

                                    Itinerary and Route: Plan your trek according to your preferences and time availability. Research the available routes, considering factors like teahouse availability and scenic highlights.

                                    Communication: Inform your family or friends about your travel plans and keep them updated on your progress. Mobile network coverage is limited in some areas.

                                    Environmental Responsibility: Follow the principles of Leave No Trace by carrying out all trash and minimizing your environmental impact during the trek.

                                    Permits and required documents during Upper Mustang Trek

                                    Before starting your exciting Upper Mustang Trek, it's important to know about the permits and documents you'll require for a trouble-free and legal trip. Here's a detailed guide to help you.

                                    Upper Mustang Restricted Area Permit (RAP):

                                    For travelers exploring the Upper Mustang, a special Restricted Area Permit (RAP) is an absolute necessity. One cannot apply for this permit independently; it must be processed through a government-registered trekking agency like Heaven Himalaya.
                                    Groups are the key to obtaining the RAP. You must travel with at least one other person to acquire it. Additionally, visitors are required to have a licensed mountain guide accompany them, ensuring both safety and compliance.
                                    Documents required: To secure the RAP, you'll need a copy of your passport (valid for at least six months), a valid Nepalese visa, two passport-sized photos, and a completed form from the Immigration Department.
                                    Application process: Upper Mustang entry permits are only obtainable in Kathmandu and Pokhara through registered trekking agencies. The agency will complete an online form, print a copy, and, accompanied by a copy of the client's passport and the relevant fee (500 USD per person), submit the application to the Department of Immigration. The issued entry license will detail your itinerary and entry/exit dates.
                                    Permit fees: The cost for the restricted area permit is 500 USD per person for the initial 10 days, followed by an additional 50 USD per person for each subsequent day.
                                    Covered locations: The RAP grants access to Wards 1 to 5 of the Lo Manthang Rural Municipality, Lo-Ghekar Damodarkunda Rural Municipality (Ward Nos. 1 to 5), Ward 3 of the Baragung Muktichetra Rural Municipality, and Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) for Upper Mustang.

                                    Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP):

                                    Every trekking route that traverses the protected terrain of the Annapurna Conservation Area requires an ACAP permit. Upper Mustang is no exception, and trekkers must secure an ACAP license.
                                    Application process: Obtain your ACAP permit for the Upper Mustang at the Nepal Tourism Board Service Center in Damside, Pokhara, or the Nepal Tourism Board Office in Bhrikuti Mandab, Kathmandu. The application process involves providing details such as your full name, passport number, date of birth, address, contact information in Nepal, your intended trekking route (e.g., Upper Mustang Route), entry and exit points, the number of days, and the name of your trekking agency (optional).
                                    Required documents: To complete the application, you'll need a filled-out form with personal details, visa information, your itinerary, a passport-sized photo, and a copy of your passport (valid for at least six months).
                                    Permit fees: For independent travelers, the ACAP permit fee for the Upper Mustang is NRs 3000 per person (approximately 30 USD). When traveling in a group, the fee is reduced to NRs 2000 per person. SAARC nationals are charged NRs 1000, while children below 10 years old are exempt from the fee.
                                    Payment: Only Nepalese currency is accepted for the ACAP permit fee, so ensure you have cash available when applying. If you're trekking with a reputable agency, they will facilitate the permit process for you.

                                    Permits for Filming and Documentaries during Upper Mustang Trek

                                    If you plan to film or create a documentary in Upper Mustang, you must obtain a special permit from the Nepal Ministry of Information and Communication. The cost of this permit varies depending on the equipment and technology used during filming.

                                    Upper Mustang Trek - Packing List:

                                    Preparing for the 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek is an exciting adventure, and having the right gear is essential for a comfortable and successful journey. Here's a packing list to ensure you have everything you need:

                                    Clothing

                                    • Lightweight and moisture-wicking base layers
                                    • Insulating layers (fleece or down jacket)
                                    • Waterproof and windproof outer shell
                                    • Comfortable trekking pants
                                    • Thermal or woolen socks
                                    • Breathable underwear
                                    • Warm hat and gloves
                                    • Sun hat and sunglasses
                                    • Good-quality trekking boots
                                    • Comfortable sandals or sneakers for rest days

                                    Gear

                                    • Backpack with a rain cover
                                    • Sleeping bag suitable for cold weather
                                    • A duffel bag or a backpack for porters to carry your extra gear
                                    • Trekking poles
                                    • Headlamp or flashlight with extra batteries
                                    • Reusable water bottles and water purification tablets
                                    • Pocketknife or multitool
                                    • Stuff sacks and plastic bags for organization
                                    • Travel towel
                                    • Earplugs for a good night's sleep
                                    • Large plastic bags to line your duffel bag and keep your clothes dry


                                    Health and Hygiene

                                    • First aid kit with essentials
                                    • Prescription medications
                                    • Water purification method (filter or purification tablets)
                                    • Personal hygiene items (toilet paper, hand sanitizer, wet wipes)
                                    • Sunscreen and lip balm with high SPF
                                    • Insect repellent
                                    • Personal toiletries

                                    Documentation

                                    • Passport and necessary permits
                                    • Passport-sized photos
                                    • Travel insurance policy
                                    • Emergency contact information

                                    Electronics

                                    • Camera or smartphone for capturing memories
                                    • Extra memory cards and batteries
                                    • Power bank and charging cables
                                    • International adapter plug (Nepal uses Type C, D, and M plugs)

                                    Miscellaneous

                                    • Cash (Nepalese Rupees) for small purchases
                                    • Journal and pen
                                    • Reading material or games for downtime
                                    • Lightweight down jacket (for evenings and high altitudes)
                                    • Gaiters (for dusty or snowy trails)
                                    • Hand and foot warmers (especially in winter)
                                    • Multivitamins and electrolyte supplements

                                    Keep in mind that you can buy or rent many items in Kathmandu before beginning your trek. If you choose to rent equipment, be sure to do so from a trustworthy provider and carefully check the gear before taking it. Additionally, remember that Upper Mustang is a restricted region, so obtaining a special permit is essential for your trek. Wishing you a wonderful journey filled with safety and adventure! 

                                    Why Travel Insurance is Required During The 17 Days Upper Mustang Trek

                                    Travel insurance is a crucial requirement for the 17-day Upper Mustang Trek for several reasons. Firstly, the Upper Mustang region is remote, and medical facilities are limited. Travel insurance provides financial protection in case of accidents, injuries, or health issues, ensuring you can access necessary medical treatment and, if necessary, be evacuated to a more equipped medical facility.

                                    Secondly, travel insurance covers unexpected events such as trip cancellations, delays, or interruptions due to unforeseen circumstances like weather conditions, transportation issues, or personal emergencies. It safeguards your investment in the trek, including permits, flights, and accommodations.

                                    Additionally, in the high-altitude and challenging terrain of Upper Mustang, there's a greater risk of accidents or altitude-related health problems. Travel insurance with adequate coverage for high-altitude trekking ensures you receive proper care if you encounter altitude sickness or other mountain-related issues.

                                    Furthermore, travel insurance offers protection against loss or theft of personal belongings and baggage, giving you peace of mind during the trek.

                                    In summary, travel insurance is essential for the Upper Mustang trek because it provides financial security, covers unexpected events, safeguards against altitude-related risks, and protects your belongings. It ensures a safer and more worry-free adventure in this stunning but remote Himalayan region.

                                     

                                    Altitude Sickness During Upper Mustang Trek, Symptoms, and How To Prevent

                                    Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a common concern when trekking in high-altitude regions like Upper Mustang. It occurs when the body doesn't receive enough oxygen due to lower air pressure at higher altitudes. Recognizing the symptoms and knowing how to prevent altitude sickness is essential for a safe trek.

                                    Symptoms of Altitude Sickness

                                    • Headache: A persistent, throbbing headache is a common early sign of AMS.
                                    • Dizziness and Lightheadedness: Feeling unsteady or dizzy.
                                    • Nausea and Vomiting: An upset stomach and vomiting can occur.
                                    • Fatigue: An unexplained and excessive tiredness.
                                    • Shortness of Breath: Breathing difficulties, especially during physical activity.
                                    • Loss of Appetite: A decreased desire to eat.
                                    • Sleep Disturbances: Difficulty sleeping or frequent waking during the night.
                                    • Rapid Heartbeat: A racing or irregular heart rate.

                                    Preventing Altitude Sickness:

                                    • Gradual Ascent: Acclimatize properly by ascending gradually. Allow your body time to adjust to the altitude.
                                    • Hydration: Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids, but avoid alcohol and caffeine.
                                    • Medication: Consider medications like acetazolamide (Diamox) to help prevent AMS. Consult a doctor before use.
                                    • Rest: Get sufficient rest and sleep to aid in acclimatization.
                                    • Balanced Diet: Consume a balanced diet with carbohydrates and avoid heavy, greasy foods.
                                    • Avoid Alcohol and Smoking: These can exacerbate AMS symptoms.
                                    • Descend if Necessary: If symptoms worsen, descend to a lower altitude immediately.

                                    Altitude sickness can affect anyone, regardless of age or fitness level. Therefore, it's crucial to recognize the symptoms, take preventive measures, and be prepared to descend if symptoms become severe. When trekking in high-altitude areas like Upper Mustang, safety should be a top priority, and proper acclimatization is key to an enjoyable and risk-free adventure.

                                    Clients Reviews

                                    • rating starTrek To Upper Mustang

                                      Upper Mustang Trek was unforgettable, one of the amazing trekking routes. The package provided by Mount Glory Treks was very organized and helpful for trekkers. It makes our trekking trip more enjoyable and easy too.

                                      A
                                      Adam KorsailDenmark,July 13, 2022